Lịch Sử Của Việt Nam

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Hoàng Sa & Trường Sa Và Chủ Quyền Dân Tộc

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Nguyễn Văn Canh

PHẦN II: CHỦ QUYỀN DÂN TỘC.

B. HỒ CHÍ MINH VÀ ĐẢNG CỘNG SẢN VIỆT NAM BÁN NƯỚC

Chương I: Các Văn Kiện Bán Nước

Chương II: Các Hành vi Bán Nước

Chương III: Các Hành Động Nối Giáo Cho Giặc

Chương IV: Diễn Tiến Hành Động Đưa Trung Cộng Vào Đặt Ách Nô Lệ Hóa Dân Việt

PHẦN III: PHỤ CHƯƠNG VÀ PHỤ LỤC

***

PHẦN III: PHỤ CHƯƠNG VÀ PHỤ LỤC

I. PHỤ CHƯƠNG

3. VC GIẢI THÍCH VẤN ĐỀ LÃNH THỔ LÃNH HẢI NHƯ THẾ NÀO?

...

Prof Canh: Yes! That is correct. They may not want to. This should not be an excuse to shirk responsibility however. Even if they agreed to come to the table “in conference,” to participate in the international court arising from what the VC pursued as such, and suppose victory is awarded to the “claimant” side – this I am one thousand per cent sure VC would win, with all that is presented in the White Paper complete with historical, legal as well as geographical aspects (although just outlined sufficiently for drafting a prosecuting document). Our national assets include the whole of the Paracels even though it is now occupied. As for the Spratleys, they are so far south, the CC can do nothing, having no justification in claiming their rights over them. Even with the Paracels, in geographical context, based on the 1968 National Geographic Society map that has also been used in the book “Dia Ly Bien Dong voi Hoang Sa va Truong Sa” [The Geography of the Eastern Sea (South China Sea) with the Paracels and Spratleys] by Vu Huu San, who demonstrates that the Paracels belong to Vietnam. For instance Tri Ton island that I have often mentioned, is so close to our Da Nang coast. That island is only 123 nautical miles from the Vietnamese coast, while an island closest to the Chinese continent is at a further distance.

This is not to mention the Paracels lies on the land that is linked to Vietnam continent. In 1925, the Nha Trang Institute of Marine Science sent a group of French scientists to the Paracels to carry out research there. They found that the Paracels is a submerged part of Vietnam’s continent, whereas to the north, there are two gullies thousands of metres deep separating the Paracels from Chinese mainland. Therefore the Paracels can never belong to China. Based on that point alone, we could win the case. Let alone the historical aspects, as Prof Tran Huy Bich of the University of Southern California has listed ample documents with diverse sources demonstrating that these two groups of islands have belonged to Vietnam since ancient times. As for legal aspects, I have used a book written by Prof Monique Chemillier- Gendreau of the University of Paris to prove the Vietnamese ownership of those two archipelagos.

Now suppose CC do not agree to the court’s decision, what can we do? In reality, the international court’s judgment in this case is unopposable except when there is a resolution by the UN Security Council. At the UNSC however, there must be a consensus of the five Permanent Members or 9 out of 15 members. CC, however, is one of the five permanent members. CC will use a right to veto. To lobby for a resolution in this case is not an easily achieved task. Especially the SRVN has neither capacity nor prestige internationally, or perhaps the lowest of prestige even if they sat in the Security Council. Therefore, the decision will not be reached, even carried out. This international organization has no agency to “enforce” the court’s decisions. Thus, we can do nothing. At least we can use such basis for future action: to establish an internationally justified course of action. Statement by Bush, the US State Department, by Michalak and as have been reflected at the Shangri-La Conference... are symbolic international support for the Vietnamese people’s cause. At the same time international communities’ interests in the South China Sea are important factors to help us protect the inherited assets that our ancestors defended with their blood for us and have transferred them to us. Maybe in ten or more years, there will be other actions to be taken. The question is firstly the VC must embark on the course of action; secondly we must create an institution capable of mobilizing the people’s power, instead of the present VC policy to terrorize and divide the masses. We need strengths in national economy and solidarity... With that I am sure we could regain in strength what has been robbed by the Beijing hegemonic clique with the complicity of the VC.

Demanding the return of lost territory or preventing Beijing’s continuing on with occupation that way will attract international support. That is very important, for the sake of world order, nobody can oppose, or contravene the international peace and order objectives as the mad men did in the last century.

If that happens, the result is that those mad men will reap tragic consequences.

CC’s scheme is to prolong the occupation as much as possible, to create an accomplished fact (fait accompli) and in 100 years, no one would be able to do anything about it. And this is a crime committed by Ho Chi Minh and his Communist Party of Vietnam that have helped CC realize that
objective.

Thus at least, the overseas Vietnamese must have a duty do something to lay the foundation for future protection of the fatherland, even in longer terms. Please look at the images I have illustrated below about the fortified structures erected on islands of Paracels and Spratley, you will get an idea of that danger. Also look at the buildings constructed around in the Ban Gioc waterfall area, you will find out CC’s ambitions.

LKT: The detailed overview of Prof Dr Nguyen Van Canh on the Sino-Viet border, on the Gulf of Tonkin, on the protocol on fishing between Vietnam and China, on the Paracels and Spratleys and the current relations between Vietnam, China and the US is very comprehensive. And so Professor, after having been shown such a general picture by you, we as overseas Vietnamese although with no power in our hands, without an exile government, we feel that we have a responsibility, a responsibility of people who love their country. With such a responsibility, in your opinion Professor, what should we do about the question which I quote if I may from you that ‘‘when the country is in danger, it’s every ordinary citizen’s responsibility.’

Prof Canh: This question is extremely difficult to have a good answer under the present circumstances. And everywhere I went over the last decades I have been asked what you can do to restore our fatherland, the Paracels, the Spratleys and etc... My answer has been: ‘I am only a refugee from the communist peril. As an intellectual, I know what I must do within my own ability. At least with this White Paper on the Paracels and the Spratleys, we inform and warn the world that this is a great danger. This great danger is not only for the Vietnamese people, but also for the whole world. That is why in the letter that I drafted, which has been sent to the General Secretary and 192 members of the UN as well as to governments all over the world, we raise the alarm to enable them to think about and prepare for the ugliest situation that, I think, would occur. Solving that ugliest of situations will entail solving the issues of Vietnam. Vietnamese people’s rights and interests go in parallel with those of the whole world. That is the maintenance of peace and order, firstly in the region, and this region is intimately related to the whole world.

APPENDIX :

Below are a few figures and locations extracted from the document “VẤN ĐỀ BIÊN GIỚI GIỮA VIỆT NAM VÀ TRUNG QUỐC” [The Sino-Vietnamese Border Issues] published by the Vietnamese Communist Party in 1979 (Nhà Xuất Bản Sự Thật, Hà Nội, 1979; Also see, Library of Congress Online Catalog). This document shows that Le Cong Phung has told complete lies about:

1. The 1 km + difference along all the 1450 km length of border.

a. The Trinh Truong, Quang Ninh area. This area is 6 km long and more than 1 km deep in Vietnamese territory has been taken by CC. This area is now merged into Dong Tam commune, Dong Hung. The border is set back to Khau Truc mount in Vietnam.

b. And so are the Thanh Loa village of Cao Loc district of Lang Son, Kham Khau Village of Cao Bang, Ta Lung, Ta Phu Phin, and Minh Tan villages of Ha Tuyen. The Nam Chay village of Hoang Lien Son (this village is 4 km long and over 1 km deep) also lie within CC territory now. At Nam Chay village particularly, Vietnam lost an area about 300 hectares. In total there are 40 similar locations along the border that have been occupied by CC and their migrants have been brought in to replace Vietnamese inhabitants.

c. Right at the Nam Quan pass, in 1955, Ho Chi Minh asked Mao Zedong to extend the railroad from China into Vietnam by 300m in order to join both sides to facilitate communication. Mao agreed and after a while Ho said that the Vietnamese border lies 300m north of the tracks joint as it had existed for hundreds of years. Ho was told that the border is where the two rail tracks are linked together. Ho kept quiet. That was not all. Later CC troops carried the border marker no. 18 on national highway 1 at the Nam Quan pass and put it inside Vietnam by another 200m. Thus ½ km was lost in total.

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