Lịch Sử Của Việt Nam

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Hoàng Sa & Trường Sa Và Chủ Quyền Dân Tộc

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Nguyễn Văn Canh

PHẦN II: CHỦ QUYỀN DÂN TỘC.

B. HỒ CHÍ MINH VÀ ĐẢNG CỘNG SẢN VIỆT NAM BÁN NƯỚC

Chương I: Các Văn Kiện Bán Nước

Chương II: Các Hành vi Bán Nước

Chương III: Các Hành Động Nối Giáo Cho Giặc

Chương IV: Diễn Tiến Hành Động Đưa Trung Cộng Vào Đặt Ách Nô Lệ Hóa Dân Việt

PHẦN III: PHỤ CHƯƠNG VÀ PHỤ LỤC

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PHẦN III: PHỤ CHƯƠNG VÀ PHỤ LỤC

I. PHỤ CHƯƠNG

3. VC GIẢI THÍCH VẤN ĐỀ LÃNH THỔ LÃNH HẢI NHƯ THẾ NÀO?

...

Vietnamese fishermen use only rudimentary tools, wooden boats with small horsepower, how can they engage in common fishing with Chinese fleets of big ships of 200 horsepowers capable of fishing in deep waters, where each net dragged by two boats extends up to 60 nautical miles from end to end, that is 100 km. How then can this co-operation and sharing of fishing be carried out?

What is more, such fleets will trawl the gulf region, going back and forth, very close to the gulf coastline and thus in 15 years there would be no more fish for us Vietnamese to catch. Besides, Tran Duc Luong has agreed with the CC to establish an “economic belt” in 2005 along the coast. What is left for them to make a living on? At present, some fishermen have to go far south in their wooden boats pursuing a livelihood. In July 2007, a number of Vietnamese fishermen were shot and killed by Indonesian naval forces for working in their territorial waters.

Practically, the shared fishing arrangement presents a great disadvantage to Vietnamese fishermen.

To work in this common fishing area, you need a permit. Who issues this permit? On the VC side, it’s the local governmental authorities. Many fishermen have to pay fees when applying for a permit. Some cannot afford the high fees. And when they fish in our waters in the common fishing area without a licence, CC navy or coastguards, even Chinese fishermen can check to see if they have permits. If a permit is not produced, CC fishermen have the right to “strip” the catch, meaning they would plunder the catch and load it on their ships before turning the Vietnamese fishermen back.

To my knowledge, in the common fishing ground, there is a zone in the middle of the gulf with great depth where a type of fish called Ca Day [sea bed fish] can be found. They live at a great depth. They fetch a high price. Vietnamese have no boat big and modern equipments to catch this fish. The CC do have the means to fish them.

Another point to note is the event of January 8th 2005, a number of Vietnamese fishing boats from Thanh Hoa were at the location which I mark red on the map in the Appendix, working in the new territorial waters, about 12 km west of the new demarcation line for this gulf, at the reference point no. 14 of this line. While they were fishing there, CC navy ships of the steel armored type approached, and with CC flag lowered, fired a volley of shots. A number of fishing boats sank. At least 9 Vietnamese fishermen died on the spot. A fisherman working nearby, seeing the shooting and what was happening tried to make an escape back to Thanh Hoa. A CC navy ship chased after, and fired many shots on the victim’s boat right up to Vietnamese coast before sailing off.

Such is the situation of the division of the gulf area and the common area of shared fishing. Another thing has also been observed: Those two agreements were signed in 2000, but not until 2004 were they ratified by the VC national assembly, while the land agreement was ratified within 6 months (June 2000). Why is this so? The answer is that the VC did not dare ratifying it right away for fear that CC fishing ships being very big, and such a fleet in operation could not escape international notice. On closer observation, the international community recognized that the VC have given up too much of their people’s rights, and also for fear of adverse public reaction at home, they let it drag on. That was why in 2002, Jiang Zemin came to Hanoi demanding early ratification. The VC then had to take some action, and not earlier than in 2004, it was ratified by the Vietnamese national assembly!!!

LKT: Professor, you have just described an extremely huge disadvantage for Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin, at the same time the second agreement, the so-called Decree Paper (protocol) on common fishing, has clearly shown that this common fishing area not only brings in economic income for China but also the effect of big Chinese steel ships sailing to and fro right next to Vietnamese coast line. In your opinion Professor, what is the situation concerning national security around the Gulf of Tonkin?

Prof Canh: Alas, this is another danger, as half of the Gulf has been given up, CC navy can come right close to Vietnamese coast line. Also conceded to CC is the right to check and control right up to the coast. The CC demanded that “now you and I must patrol together.” The VC and CC agreed to establish navy boat squadrons to share-patrol in the Golf region. What does share-patrolling purport to do? Merely to control the VC. CC is so big and their naval power predominates. They can bully the VC, but there is no way for the VC to bully them. Shared patrol means CC ships can go right into our coast to check and control Vietnam. As in reality within the Gulf zone, there are only two parties: VC and CC. And no other third country nor any pirate group coming from far away would dare cause instability for CC. Of course as far as security is concerned, the VC just sit idle, tacitly letting the CC control natural resources under the sea bed, allowing CC scientific ships to go prospecting occasionally for oil deep into our Gulf territorial waters even in the new frontier zone.

LKT: And so according to this map Professor, North Vietnam today lies right close to Hainan island where CC is building a nuclear submarine base. From there to the Gulf border, it is not at all far. What is the reason for establishing a nuclear subs base on Hainan after this agreement was signed?

 

 

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